Estimates predict that without prompt government action, between 0.28 and 0.73 million tonnes of plastic will flow into Vietnam’s seas each year, causing tremendous economic, social, and environmental damage. Conscious of this issue, the Vietnamese government passed the Law on Environmental Protection in November 2020 and committed to a number of activities to tackle this issue, led by the National Action Plan for Management of Marine Plastic Litter by 2030.
Taking stock of growing plastic waste pollution across the globe and Vietnam, the government has launched a comprehensive action plan mobilising ministries and national agencies of all levels in one unprecedented country-wide push to protect Vietnam’s marine environment form plastic waste.
The plan includes 5-year and 10-year targets to decrease plastic waste in Vietnam’s waters. By 2025, Vietnam is determined to reduce marine plastic litter by 50 per cent. The country also aims to collect 50 per cent of abandoned, lost, or discarded fishing gear, such as fishing nets, and to prevent the use of single-use plastics and non-biodegradable plastic bags in 80 per cent of coastal tourism areas, tourist attractions and accommodations, and other coastal tourism service areas.